The third pillar of the EU`s external aviation policy is the opening of targeted negotiations with a view to reaching global agreements in the main regions of the world, with a view to market access and enhancing the prospects for fair competition in the most dynamic world markets, while contributing to the reform of international civil aviation and the promotion of European rules and European industry. Pioneering agreements have already been concluded with the United States in 2007 and June 2010 (the so-called «First» and «Second Stage» agreements). Bilateral airworthiness agreements are executive agreements concluded prior to 1996 through an exchange of diplomatic notes between the U.S. Department of State and its foreign counterpart based on FAA technical recommendations. (Note: The United States no longer enters into bilateral airworthiness agreements.) Brief information on the Plurilateral Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft Links to the «Civil Aircraft» section of the WTO Guide to wto communication. Browse or download the text of the plurilateral agreement on trade in civil aircraft from the legal gateway The agreements negotiated by the European Commission on behalf of the EU and its Member States are not limited to the so-called «open skies» models, which involve a simple opening of markets: the EU model also aims to set up a process of liberalisation of airline ownership and a process Regulatory Convergence on issues. Security, competition, environment, protection of prisoners, work, etc. – which could not be achieved at national level. This plurilateral agreement entered into force on 1 January 1980. There are signatories:. Most WTO agreements are multilateral, as they are signed by all WTO members.
The Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft is one of the plurilateral agreements signed by a small number of WTO members. It removes import duties on all aircraft, with the exception of military aircraft, as well as on all other products covered by the Agreement, civil aircraft engines and their parts and components, all components and sub-assemblies of civil aircraft, as well as flight simulators and their parts and components. Schedule of Implementation Procedures (SIP) is the procedure document, similar to an IAP associated with some BAAs. It facilitates the authorization process for aircraft and other aeronautical products imported or exported between the United States.