Camp David Agreement Us President

Through seven failed campaigns for the Prime Minister, Bégin maintained his revisionist Zionism, which advocated for a homeland far greater than that recognized by the United Nations in 1947, when it demarcated Israel`s borders. Begin`s slogan after the 1967 war was «no customs» – the amount of land in the West Bank that he thought Israel should return to the Arabs. While the conclusion of the Camp David agreements was a significant step forward, the process of translating the framework documents into a formal peace treaty proved frightening. As at the summit, Carter`s hopes of moving forward quickly were high and the president hoped that a treaty text would be finalized in a few days. However, the controversy between the Carter administration and the Begin government over the duration of an agreed freeze on the construction of Israeli settlements was quickly followed by the government`s inability to secure The support of Jordan or Saudi Arabia in the agreements. Since October, a series of talks in Washington have failed due to Israeli concerns about the timing of their withdrawal and Egyptian reluctance about the impact of a peace treaty on its obligations to other Arab states. Other regional developments, particularly the Iranian revolution, distracted American politicians and raised Israeli concerns about their oil supplies, leading to a stalemate in the winter of 1978-79. After Bégin`s visit to the White House in early March, Carter visited Israel on March 10. After obtaining Sadat`s approval for negotiations on behalf of Egypt, the president had three days of intense talks with the Israelis.

On 13 March, the US and Israeli delegations approved a treaty text, following a series of compromises, including a US guarantee for Israel`s oil supply, without reference to Egypt`s «special role» in Gaza and the Israeli agreement to make a series of unilateral actions towards the Palestinians. Sadat quickly accepted the agreement and the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty was officially signed on March 26. This was due to the zeal of NATO countries to improve Egypt`s troubled economy, the belief that Egypt should begin to focus more on its own interests than on those of the Arab world, and the hope that an agreement with Israel would catalyze similar agreements between Israel and its other Arab neighbours and help solve the Palestinian problem.