An employment contract may start with a trial period not exceeding four months or, in some cases, six months (1:4 Employment Contracts Act). If the contract is concluded for a limited period of less than eight months, only half of the duration of the contract may consist of a trial period. In order to be able to rely on a collective agreement over a probation period, the employer must inform the worker individually of the provision when concluding the contract. During the trial period, either party may terminate the contract with immediate effect. However, if the measure is taken by the employer, it must not be based on unfair grounds. Notice periods vary from 14 days in jobs with a maximum duration of one year to six months in employment contracts of more than 12 years. These provisions of Chapter 6 of Article 3 of the Employment Contracts Act may be derogated from by agreement. 1 Contribution by Jorma Oskari Saloheimo. LL.D. 1988 (Jur. Dr.), Vice-President of the Labour Court in Finland, Lecturer in Labour Law, University of Helsinki. Author of several books and other publications on labour law in general, equal treatment, health and safety at work, worker participation and Community labour law. Address: Jorma Saloheimo, Labour Court, P.O.
Box 165, FI-00141 Helsinki, Finland, e-mail: email@example.com In addition, collective agreements provide for trade union courses and other diplomas. Professional courses organised by the employer as well as courses for workers` representatives usually include leave pay. Finnish legislation does not impose a minimum wage. Minimum wages are set out in sectoral collective agreements. In addition, collective agreements are used to agree, for example, on the reasons for employment, wage increases and rules on working time, overtime, weekday holidays, evening and weekend work. Chapter 2 of the Constitution provides for the protection of fundamental rights and freedoms, including the fundamental rights of workers. Article 18 protects the right to acquire one`s means of subsistence through work or industry of one`s choice. The promotion of employment and the right of all to work, as well as the protection of the workforce, are duties that are imposed on the authorities. Everyone has the right not to be dismissed without a legitimate reason. Freedom of association (as a positive and negative right) is governed by Article 13 with regard to the right to organize and participate in demonstrations. .