In keeping with its long-standing policy, CalChamber supports global free trade, the development of international trade and international investment, fair and equitable access to the California product market abroad, and the removal of barriers to the international competitiveness of California`s operations. New multilateral, sectoral and regional trade agreements ensure that the United States can continue to access global markets, improving the economy and increasing American employment. 8. (return) Inter-American Development Bank (BD). Integration and Trade in the Americas: Periodic Note, December 2000. Washington, D.C. 14. At the other end of the spectrum, manufactured goods account for 71% of Mexican exports, reflecting the extent of maquiladora trade with the United States. The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement came into force on January 1, 2004. The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement eliminates tariffs and opens markets, reduces barriers to trade in services, protects intellectual property, ensures regulatory transparency, ensures non-discrimination in digital trade, requires parties to maintain competition laws that prohibit anti-competitive business practices, and requires effective labour and environmental enforcement. As of January 1, 2015, all goods from the United States will arrive in Chile duty-free. Others are concerned that the USTR has exceeded its bargaining power by incorporating immigration provisions into free trade agreements.
Critics argue that the USTR`s assertion that the temporary entry of foreign economic and professional staff is not an immigration policy is dishonest. More generally, some point out that these provisions would limit current and future congresses if they consider revising the immigration law for corporate staff, contract investors, internal transfers and professionals, as the United States could violate the free trade agreement. The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement was signed on June 6, 2003 in Miami by Robert Zoellick, then the U.S. Trade Representative, and Chilean Foreign Minister Soledad Alvear. It is the first free trade agreement between the United States and a South American country. Labour and environmental provisions are accepted as legitimate but difficult issues to resolve in trade agreements.