In 2012, the United Arab Emirates, as members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), became parties to the framework agreement between the United States and the GCC on trade, economy, investment and technical cooperation. In 2014, the United Arab Emirates ratified the agreement by Federal Decree 86. Since 2012, the United States and the United Arab Emirates have organized several iterations of the economic policy dialogue between the United States and the United Arab Emirates, which provides a platform to cooperate on economic issues and irritate bilateral trade relations. The United States began negotiating a free trade agreement with the United Arab Emirates in March 2005. In early 2007, the United States and the United Arab Emirates announced that they could not conclude free trade negotiations within the timeframes for the trade promotion authority, but that both sides would continue to work towards the subsequent conclusion of free trade negotiations. There have been no further negotiations for a free trade agreement. The United States is trying to reach a bilateral free trade agreement with the United Arab Emirates to conclude a comprehensive free trade agreement between the United States and the Middle East by 2013. The United States signed a framework trade and investment agreement with the United Arab Emirates in 2004 to create a formal framework for dialogue on economic reforms and trade liberalization. TIFA encourages the creation of legal protection for investors, improved protection of intellectual property rights, more transparent and effective customs procedures, and greater transparency of government and trade rules. Through this process, the U.S. government can identify potential partners for continued trade cooperation, such as free trade agreements (FAs).
In addition, the United Arab Emirates has signed free trade agreements with Singapore and New Zealand (through the CCG agreement) and New Zealand and has begun discussions for similar agreements with the European Union, Japan, Australia, South Korea, India, Brazil, China, Argentina, Pakistan, Paraguay, Turkey and Uruguay. It has also concluded several agreements on the protection and promotion of investment and the prevention of double taxation. Discussions began in 2005 after the signing of a framework agreement on trade and investment between the United States and the United Arab Emirates in 2004 and is expected to conclude in 2006. However, the Dubai Ports World scandal, which erupted in the United States in 2006, put all of this on hold and the process has not recovered since. The Authority is also trying, through the Act of Bilateral Agreements, to achieve the objective it has adopted since the beginning of its work, such as «Towards a Safe Society … Fair Trade» in the reality on the ground, protecting local society from the negative economic, social and health effects of counterfeit and dual goods, monitoring transfers of dual-use materials, preserving intellectual property rights and rules of origin, and, in the meantime, facilitating the movement of trade between the United Arab Emirates and its trading partners around the world.